The visualised data show the resistance of Salmonella, E. Coli and Campylobacter in food, animals and humans, country by country from 2018.
If no data are presented for single countries, it means that fewer than 10 bacteria were tested for resistance. It does not mean absence of resistance. It does not mean absence of resistance.
The countries monitoring and reporting are the EU Member States, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.
Resistance data based on fewer than 10 bacteria are not presented in the data viz.
Monitoring for calves is only mandatory for certain Member States.
The monitoring of AMR in Salmonella from pigs and calves under one year of age, as well as in Campylobacter coli from fattening pigs is performed voluntarily by MSs.
See more detailed explanations in the full report:
The data is open access and can be found here: EFSA’s Knowledge Junction on Zenodo
Unsure of any scientific terms? Consult EFSA’s glossary
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Salmonella causes salmonellosis, which is the second most common zoonotic disease in the EU. Salmonella is a common cause of foodborne disease outbreaks. https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/salmonella
Campylobacter causes an illness called campylobacteriosis. This is the most frequently reported foodborne illness in the EU. https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/campylobacter
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a bacterium commonly found in the gut of warm-blooded organisms. Most strains of E. coli are not harmful but are part of the healthful bacterial flora in the human gut. https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/shiga-toxin-producing-e-coli-outbreaks
As less than 10 bacteria were reported, the percentage of resistance is not shown.
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Check below the list of antibiotics listed in the tool, which belong to the following classes: