2020 is the International Year of Plant Health. It is also the year when the new Plant Health Law is implemented across the European Union.
EFSA has embarked on a number of interconnected projects that support the European Commission's efforts to protect the EU from plant pests and diseases and to help Member States prepare to meet future threats.
EU Member States must be prepared to meet the increasing threat posed by plant pests. To help them plan their pest surveys, EFSA provides a toolkit that includes pest survey cards, survey guidelines, and statistical tools. The aim is to assist national authorities in carrying out plant pest surveys in their territories and to harmonise surveillance methods across the EU.
One of EFSA's key tasks is to assess whether plant pests should be considered for inclusion in the EU's overall lists of quarantine pests. It does this by conducting pest categorisations and/or pest risk assessments.
Plants make up 80 percent of the food we eat. Yet they are under constant attack from pests, with the FAO estimating that up to 40 percent of food crops are destroyed globally each year. That leaves millions of people hungry and seriously damages our agriculture and environment.